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Number of income tax payers in India [Updated 2016]

Update 08/09/2016: India’s income taxpayer base has touched 7.4 crore as per CBDT which is a significant increase from the 5 crore number from the recent past.

As per data from CBDT – tax to GDP ratio in India is 17 percent compared to 24 percent which is the global average.

Two states, Maharashtra (39.9%) and Delhi (13.1%) pay 53% of India’s total income tax.


In the year 2010 – 11 only 33739124 people from India paid taxes which is roughly 3% of the Indian population according to Press Information Bureau (link). While roughly around 45% of the population in United States pays taxes.

The number is increasing but marginally. 

Every year around a million students graduate from universities across India so the number of tax payers should increase by at-least a million, right? But not all students manage to get a salary which exceeds the basic Income Tax slab.

Newly appointed CBDT chairperson Sudha Sharma told in a press release that the current number of tax payers in India is too small.

3.5 crore people (estimate 2012 – 13) i.e. 2.9% of the Indian population pay taxes.

The government plans to collect over Rs 6.68 lakh crore in direct taxes during 2013-14, up from Rs 5.65 lakh crore in the previous fiscal.

Update – [3rd September 2015]

The tax base for this financial year has gone up by a marginal amount. Its just over 4 crore people, i.e. 3 odd percent of the population.

The government aims to collect Rs 7.98 lakh crore in direct taxes in the current financial year. [source]

{ 5 comments… add one }
  • Dinesh April 1, 2014, 10:36 am

    Whats the trend of these numbers over the fast few years. I am sure the numbers looks more interesting post 2005.

  • raj July 25, 2014, 9:42 am

    Just imagine of the day when income tax payee % will be more than 30%.India will be a Diamond eagle.

    • ceej July 26, 2014, 3:58 am

      True that! The disposable income will improve and push the GDP at new highs. Hence they Say India would be the top 3 super powers in a couple of decades 🙂

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